How do newbies know fabrics?

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Update time : 2022-02-16 15:12:00

yarn weaving

In layman's terms, yarn count is a unit used to measure the thickness of yarn. The common yarn counts of yarn are 30 yarn counts, 40 yarn counts, 60 yarn counts, etc. The larger the number, the finer the yarn and the higher the grade.


High branch

High count and high density generally represent the texture of pure cotton fabrics. "High count" means that the yarn count used in the fabric is very high, such as cotton yarn JC60S, JC80S, JC100S, JC120S, JC160S, JC260S, etc., the inch yarn count unit, the larger the number, the finer the yarn count. In terms of production technology, the higher the yarn count, the longer the lint of the cotton used for spinning, such as "long-staple cotton" or "Egyptian long-staple cotton", which is uniform and flexible. High degree of gloss and good gloss.


high density

In each square inch of fabric, the warp yarns are called warp yarns, and the weft yarns are called weft yarns. The sum of the number of warp yarns and the number of weft yarns is the density of the fabric. The so-called "high density" refers to the high density of warp and weft yarns of the fabric, that is, the number of yarns forming the fabric per unit area is many, for example: 300/square inch, 400/square inch, 600/square inch , 1000/square inch, 12000/square inch, etc., the higher the yarn count, the higher the density fabric can be woven.


plain weave

The warp and weft yarns are interwoven every other yarn, such a fabric is called a plain weave. The characteristics are that there are many interwoven points, the texture is crisp, the front and back appearances are the same, the fabric is lighter and thinner, the air permeability is good, the count is about 30, and the price is relatively common.


twill fabric

The warp and weft yarns are interwoven at least once every two yarns. The organizational structure of the fabric can be changed by increasing or decreasing the warp and weft interlacing points, which are collectively referred to as twill fabrics. The characteristics are that there are positive and negative points, less interweaving, longer floating lines, soft hand feel, high fabric density, thicker products, and stronger three-dimensional sense. There are 30, 40 and 60 counts.



Yarn-dyed weaving is when weaving into cloth, we use yarn that has been dyed in advance, instead of weaving the yarn into white grey cloth and then printing and dyeing the color. The color of the yarn-dyed fabric is uniform without color difference, the color fastness will be better, and it is not easy to fade.


Jacquard fabrics: Compared with "printing" and "embroidery", it refers to the use of warp and weft weaving changes to form patterns during weaving. Jacquard fabrics require fine yarn counts and extremely high requirements for raw cotton.

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